Chapel-en-le-Frith is a small Derbyshire town on the edge of the Peak District, part of the Pennine Range, near the border of Cheshire, in northern England. The controversially named "Capital of the Peak" (according to the town signs) was established by the Normans in the 12th century, originally as a hunting lodge in a densely forested area. This led to the French-derived name of ''Chapel-en-le-Frith'' ("Chapel in the forest clearing"). The population of 'Chapel', as the locals commonly refer to it, is approximately 6,000.
The first chapel in the town (now the Church of St. Thomas Becket) was originally built by the Normans but was replaced with a larger building a hundred years later, and is now almost entirely of 18th-century construction. It stands at the highest point in the town. Buried in the churchyard are soldiers of the Scottish army of the Duke of Hamilton who marched south in support of Charles I in 1648. After their defeat at Preston, they were marched to Chapel and imprisoned in the church for sixteen days in such squalid conditions that forty died; a further ten died when they were marched towards Cheshire.
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