Redruth (Cornish: ''Rysrudh'') is a town and civil parish in the Kerrier district of Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It lies approximately at the junction of the A393 road and A3047, on the route of the old London to Lands End trunk road the A30. It is approximately nine miles west of Truro, twelve miles east of St Ives, eighteen miles north-east of Penzance, and eleven miles north-west of Falmouth.
Historically, Redruth was a small market town overshadowed by its neighbours until a boom in the demand for copper ore during the 18th century. Copper ore had mostly been discarded by the Cornish tin-mining industry, but was now needed to make brass, an essential metal in the Industrial Revolution. Surrounded by copper ore deposits, Redruth quickly became one of the largest and richest mining areas in Britain and the town's population grew markedly. Most miners' families, however, remained poor.
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